Trees biologically adapt themselves to wind and ice if these destructive agents are part of an average annual growing season. Under normal weather conditions, trees sway in the wind and these movements strengthen the woody material developing the stem and limbs.
Abnormal weather conditions and storms are what damages (directly or indirectly) and kills many trees. There is just no way to protect all trees from catastrophic storms. Trees simply are not adapted to survive worst-case storms. Here are ways to minimize the damage before the storm and what to do with the damage after.