The common Juniper has the largest range of all woody plants in the United States and one of the largest ranges in the World. This small tree is a species in the genus Juniperus and in the family Cupressaceae. Many junipers thrive in cool arid to semi-arid climates but several, including red cedar, adapt well in temperate areas.
Juniperus communis (common juniper) is commercially grown as an evergreen ornamental shrub but is not a valuable tree for wood products. Red cedar is also included in the genus Juniperous but is often included in tree guides as a separate tree as the tree overlaps with other pine and hardwood ranges in eastern North America. It is both a valuable ornamental and used commercially for wood and other forest products.