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Steve Nix

Where Do Fir Trees Live?

By December 18, 2013

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Here are range maps of eight of the most common and important firs in North America. Two live naturally in eastern North America while the others' natural range is in the mountains of the North American west. Firs grow in cool, temperate regions and mountains south to Guatemala. Although not a true fir, I am also including Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) in this list for reader convenience.

Firs can be distinguished from Spruces by their upward-standing cones on top of branches. Spruce cones hang downward. Fir cones disintegrate on the tree while spruce cones fall to the ground. Fir needles are rather flat and two-ranked along branches while spruce needles are whorled around the branches.

  • Range Maps of Fir Tree Species In North America
  • Balsam Fir Range - USGS/USFS Map


    November 30, 2011 at 9:57 am
    (1) salo says:

    when can you plant it ? imean in what season and how??

    December 19, 2011 at 12:29 am
    (2) Elie says:

    I planted mine in the spring. Make sure there are few trees around, lotls of light and that you have a decent size root ball. If you plant fir close together, most will grow, but some branches will be stunted. Careful in the summer as they have a very aromatic sap which is very sticky.

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