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Betula alleghaniensis

yellow birch

Yellow birch is one of the largest U.S. hardwoods when growing in its native range. That range spans from eastern Canada and the Great Lake states to extreme NE Georgia. An immediate identifier of yellow birch is the mildly aromatic wintergreen smell of the inner bark and a yellow tint on paper-like bark.

Yellow birch leaf and bark Yellow birch
Photos by Steve Nix - "Cradle of Forestry" in North Carolina

Start with the Tree Finder if you are not sure what kind of tree you have!

Yellow Birch Habitat and Culture
(silvics courtesy of Silvics Manual, USFS)

Yellow birch at "Cradle of Forestry"
(courtesy of About Forestry)

From Virginia Tech w/Photos
(Big List courtesy of VT Dendrology)

North American Timber Types
(courtesy About Forestry)

The Great American Hardwood Forest
(courtesy About Forestry)

Recent Champion: 76' height, 91' spread, 252" circumf., Deer Island, Maine
National Register of Big Trees

Birch Images
(courtesy of ForestryImages.org)

Range Map
{Native range of yellow birch)
-The native range of yellow birch, USFS.

Quick Stats
Common Names: gray birch, silver birch, and swamp birch

Habitat: Found on moist well-drained soils of the uplands and mountain ravines\

Description: It is easily recognized by the yellowish-bronze exfoliating bark for which it is named. The inner bark is aromatic and has a flavor of wintergreen.

Uses: It is an important source of hardwood lumber and a good browse plant for deer and moose.

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