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13 Most Common North American Pine - The Major Pine Species of North America

Common North American Trees in the Pine Family - Pinaceae


Longleaf Pine

Longleaf Pine - Grass Stage

Photo by Kim Nix IMG_0822_crp.jpg

Western White Pine, Arbor Day Farm

Steve Nix IMG_0892_ewp_crp.jpg

Eastern White Pine, Arbor Lodge, NE

Steve Nix

A pine is a coniferous trees in the genus Pinus, in the family Pinaceae. There are about 115 species of pines worldwide, although different authorities accept between 105 and 125 species. Pines are native to most of the Northern Hemisphere.

Pines are evergreen and resinous trees (rarely shrubs). The smallest pine is Siberian Dwarf Pine and Potosi Pinyon, and the tallest pine is Sugar Pine.

Pines are among the most plentiful and commercially important of tree species, valued for their timber and wood pulp throughout the world. In temperate and tropical regions, Pines are fast-growing softwoods that will grow in relatively dense stands, their acidic decaying needles inhibiting the sprouting of competing hardwoods.

The Common North American Pines


Major Characteristics:

Leaves: persistent or deciduous, linear or needle-like.

Bark: Smooth to scaly or furrowed.

Fruit: Woody cones.


Other Conifers:
| baldcypress | cedar | Douglas-fir | fir | hemlock | larch | redwood | spruce |

ID Glossary

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