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Slash Pine, An Important Tree in North America

Pinus elliottii, A Top 100 Common Tree in North America

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Slash pine (Pinus elliottii) is one of the hard yellow pines indigenous to southeastern United States. Other names occasionally used for this species include southern pine, yellow slash pine, swamp pine, pitch pine, and Cuban pine.

1. Introduction to Slash Pine

Grand Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve/NOAA

The slash pine tree (Pinus elliottii) is one of four southern yellow pines native to southeastern United States. Slash pine is also called southern pine, yellow slash pine, swamp pine, pitch pine, and Cuban pine. Slash pine, along with longleaf pine, is a commercially important pine tree and one of the most frequently planted timber species in North America.

2. The Silviculture of Slash Pine

Slash pine is one of the two southern pines used for naval stores and one of the most frequently planted timber species in North America. Two varieties are recognized: P. elliottii var. elliottii, the slash pine most frequently encountered, and P. elliottii var. densa, that grows naturally only in the southern half of peninsula Florida and in the Keys.

3. The Images of Slash Pine

Forestryimages.org provides several images of parts of slash pine. The tree is a conifer and the lineal taxonomy is Pinopsida > Pinales > Pinaceae > Pinus elliottii. Slash pine pine is also commonly called southern yellow pine, swamp pine and cuban pine.

4. The Range of Slash Pine

USFS
Slash pine has the smallest native range of the four major southern pines. The range extends over 8° latitude and 10° longitude, and 45 percent of the present growing stock is in Georgia.

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