Called "the most princely of the genus" by its discoverer, David Douglas, sugar pine (Pinus lambertiana) is the tallest and largest of all pines, commonly reaching heights of 175 to 200 feet and diameters of 36 to 60 inches. Old trees occasionally exceed 500 years and, among associated species, are second only to giant sequoia in volume.
For products requiring large, clear pieces or high dimensional stability, sugar pine's soft, even-grained, satin-textured wood is unsurpassed in quality and value. The huge, asymmetrical branches high in the crowns of veteran trees, bent at their tips with long, pendulous cones, easily identify sugar pine, which "more than any other tree gives beauty and distinction to the Sierran forest".
Forestryimages.org provides several images of parts of sugar pine. The tree is a conifer and the lineal taxonomy is Pinopsida > Pinales > Pinaceae > Pinus lambertiana. Sugar pine is the only common name published in existing literature.
3. The Range of Sugar Pine
Sugar pine extends from the west slope of the Cascade Range in north central Oregon to the Sierra San Pedro Martir in Baja California.