These Atlantic maritime dune woodlands and maritime uplands are an overlooked, misunderstood forest community and under significant threat from both natural and man-made causes. Maritime dune forests are composed of deciduous, coniferous, and broadleaf evergreen trees. These trees include live oak, sabel palm , magnolia, holly, loblolly pine and a rare pignut hickory at Nags Head Woods
"Maritime upland forests contain species-poor evergreen and mixed coastal forests. They are often pine-dominated, with an understory of deciduous trees". (Fleming et al., 2006). Weather, and especially water availability and chemical make-up, creates conditions that make coastal forests unique.