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Spruce, Fir, or Hemlock - Tree Leaf Key

A Quick and Easy Way to Identify 50 Common North American Trees

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You most probably have a conifer or evergreen that is either a spruce, fir, or hemlock. Let's continue...

If you need to start over return to the Tree Key Start Page.

1. The Major Spruces

The Major Spruces
Does your tree have pointed needles that are often 4-sided or diamond shaped in cross section, are attached to the twig with wooden pegs (sterigmata) and are whorled around the branch? Adult tree shape is normally narrowly conical. If so you probably have a spruce!

OR

2. The Major Firs

The Major Firs
Does your tree have needles that are are attached to the twig with suction cups (no pegs or stalks) and two-ranked along the branch? If so you probably have a fir!

OR

3. Needles Attached With Leaf Stalks

If YES, Go to Douglas Fir, Baldcypress or Hemlock...

Does your tree have needles that are flattened and attached to the twig with leaf stalks attached to stems (petiole)? If yes, go to Douglas Fir, Baldcypress or Hemlock...

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