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Parts of a Tree, Use These Tree Parts to Identify a Tree


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Major Botanical Parts of a Tree
Parts of a Tree, Use These Tree Parts to Identify a Tree

Parts of a Tree

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Trees come in various shapes and sizes but all have the same basic botanical parts and structure. They have a central column called the trunk. The bark-covered trunk supports a framework of branches and twigs. This framework is called the crown. Branches in turn bear an outside covering layer of leaves.

A tree is anchored in the ground using a network of roots, which spread and grow thicker in proportion to the growth of the tree above the ground. In a mature tree, most of the cells of the trunk, roots, and branches are dead or inactive. All growth of new tissue takes place at only a few points on the tree, by the division of specialized cells. These actively growing areas are located at the tips of branches and roots and in a thin layer just inside the bark. Lastly, trees have reproductive structures; either flowers or cones.

Simple enough, but I say all this to help you find the essential markers to identify a tree. Leaves, bark, twigs and fruit can make quick work of tree identification. Shape, although not a tree "part", plays a key role in tree species characteristics.

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